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Commercial Drivers with CDL could and must be tested for presence of drugs and alcohol and their metabolites in the following cases:

  • A pre-employment drug test will be required for final CDL candidates for any full time, part-time or temporary commercial driver position because this is involved a safety-sensitive function by definition.
  • CDL drivers shall be randomly tested as a condition of continued employment in order to ensure a drug and alcohol free work environment. Truck and bus drivers shall be tested on an unannounced random basis. Every commercial driver will have an equal chance of being selected each and every time the process is implemented.
  • Any CDL driver in Transportation Company or organization may be tested for drugs and/or alcohol in cases that may include, but not be limited to, appearance, behavior, speech and/or body odor and must be observed by a employers supervisor who has received the minimum required training in detecting signs and symptoms of drug and alcohol use.
  • Drivers involved in any road accident (especially CDL vehicle drivers) must submit a post-accident drug and alcohol test under the variety of circumstances.
  • If an CDL driver is allowed to return to a safety-sensitive function following a verified positive drug test, a verified positive alcohol test result of 0.04 or greater, a refusal to submit to a test, or after engaging in other conduct that violates this policy, he/she must be evaluated by a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) and pass a return-to-duty test prior to returning.

  • Alcohol was found in 52 percent of the driver fatalities.
  • Drugs other than alcohol were found in 18 percent of these fatalities.
  • 64 percent of the drug cases also had alcohol.
  • A drug was detected without alcohol in only 6.3 percent of the driver fatalities.
  • Abuse drugs (.e.g., marijuana, cocaine) were found most frequently in the 25-54 age group.
  • Marijuana and cocaine were found more frequently in urban crashes than in rural ones.
  • Prescription drugs were found most frequently in the over 55 age group.
  • Over 90% of drivers who had BACs >= .08 were responsible for their crashes.
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